Tibetan history can be traced back thousands of years. However history that can be verified only dates back to the 7th century when Songtsan Gampo the 33rd Tibetan king sent his minister Sambhota to India to study Sanskrit who on his return invented the present Tibetan script based on Sanskrit.
The known history of Tibet breaks mainly into four periods:
1. The Tsanpo’s Period
This period starts from Nyatri Tsanpo, the first of the Tsanpos, in 127 B.C(historians differ in view of the date, but this date is taken from the White Annales a reliable book on Tibetan history) and ends in 842 A.D. at the death of Lang Dharma the last of the Tsanpos who was assassinated by a Buddhist monk owing to Lang Dharma’s ruthless persecution of Buddhism. During this period some 42 Tsanpos ruled over Tibet among which Songtsan Gampo’s rule was considered as the zenith. Songtsan Gamoi was an outstanding ruler who unified Tibet, changed his capital to Lhasa, sent Sambhota to India to study Sanskrit and promulaged a script for the Tibetan on the latter’s arrival back in Tibet. He married Princess Wencheng of the tang Court and also Pricess Bhrikuti Debi of Nepal he also built the Potala and the temple and the temple of Jokhang.
2. The period of Decentralization
This period began in 842 A.D. the year of Lang Dharma’s assassination, and ended in about 1260 A.D, when Pagpa, the Abbot of Sakya monastery, became a vassal of Kublai Khan, the first Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. During this period a little is known in history except that Tibet became decentralized into a number of petty principalities.
3. The period of Sakya, Pagdu, and Karmapa’s Rule
This period began with Sakya’s rule over Tibet, followed first by Pagdu’s rule in Lhaoka and then by Karmara’s rule in the Tsang region (Shigatse). The sakya period was the time when Tibet officially became an inseparable part of China. This period lasted from 1260 A.D to 1642 A.D during which political powers centered in the three regions of Sakya, Pagdu, and tsang successively ruled over Tibet.
4. The period of the gandan Podrang’s Administration
This period is the period when the Dalai Lama ruled Tibet. It started in 1642 A.D. when the 5th Dalai Lama overtook the ruling power from the Tsang ruler. It basically ended in 1951 when Tibet was liberated and came to a complete end in 1959 when a rebellion led by the Dalai Lama was crushed by China and the People’s Government of the Tibet, Autonomous Region was set up.
Lhasa tibet tour
From Kathmandu we make our way towards Lhasa. The road between Kathmandu and Lhasa is known as the Friendship Highway.
In fact, the entire region of Mt. Kailash is of important religious significance and includes the two turquoise-blue, pristine high-altitude lakes of Mansarovar and Rakshesa. Mt. Kailash is regarded holy by followers of several religions. To Hindus, Kailash is the religious palce for pilgrimage tour of Lord Shiva of and nearby Manasarobar Lake, the soul of Brahma. Tibetans call Kailash Kang Rimpoche.
Lhasa Ali Kailash tour
The tour to Mt.kailash and lake mansarovaer can also be made easily with Flight from Kathmandu to Lhasa to Kunsul Airport and back to Lhasa and to Kathmandu. The flights are seasonal and this itinerary is specially designed for people who do not wish to travel by overland for long hours.
Tour in Tibet
This tour is very famous because of those clients who want to do both place one time if they have time, we will fly in and drive out. we take one houre flight from Kathmandu to lhasa, minimum three days we visit around lasha and drive each place to another include Everest base camp,Himalayan High Spirits Adventures do this trip every year.
Simikot to Kailash tour
This recently opened Simikot – Hilsa route to mystic Tibet (Western Tibet), endows you with the best of both Nepal and Tibet. Trekking from Nepal’s westernmost airstrip town Simikot to Tibet was open only in 1993.
Lhasa is rightly one of the most featured and dreamt-about cities in the world. This is not only because of its high altitude at 3,650 meters (11,975 feet) which means remoteness and limited accessibility, but also because of its over 1,000 years' cultural and spiritual history which leaves an impressive heritage that has helped to create the romantic and mysterious Tibetian region.